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Under 150€ DIY open home automation system

Since several months I worked on setting up an home automation system for my house. The goal was to have an open system, with an important part of DIY work and second hand components so as to satisfy my curiosity about these new technologies.

In this first article I will expose the architecture of the system , the bill of material and the software involved. These devices are maybe not compliant with your country regulations and norms, it is your responsability to verify this compliance.

Bill of material:

3 * 433Mhz presence sensor 5€ = 15€
3 * 433Mhz door sensor 4€ = 12€
1 * 433Mhz smoke detector 8€ = 8€
1 * arduino UNO clone = 5€
1 * arduino ethernet shield W5100 = 6€
1 * raspberry pi 2 or 3 = 40€
1 * sdcard 8gb = 5€
1 * 433Mhz receiver and 1 * 433Mhz transmitter = 1.50€
1 * siren 3€
1 * 9V wall transformer (second hand) 1€
1 * kit of 3 switch plug = 20€
1 * DHT11 temperature sensor = 1.50€
1 * old computer speakers = 5€
Leds and resistors <3€


Architecture:



Software:




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433toMQTTto433 - Bidirectional ESP8266 NodeMCU gateway between RF 433Mhz signal and MQTT

The goal  is to act as a gateway between 433Mhz sensors and a MQTT broker or between the MQTT broker and 433Mhz actuators, It enables to:
receive MQTT data from a topic and send RF 433Mhz signal corresponding to the received MQTT data publish MQTT data to a different topic related to received 433Mhz signal 
It can be an interesting part in an home automation system so as to interface sensors and actuators (wall sockets) with software like openhab.

List of compatible sensors here

The interest of putting this gateway to an ESP8266 and not on a raspberry pi is to be able to manage security actions at gateway level (power on a siren, cut power to certain devices) following RF data received by sensors without being dependent to the PI for security related actions.

[EDIT] all infos are now centralized into the github repository take a look at it you will find up to date info about OpenMQTTGateway

You need:

Software:

MosquittoArduino IDE latest version (tested ok with 1.6.10)esp8266 board added to t…

Infrared IR, 433mhz and MQTT on ESP8266 bidirectional gateway OpenMQTTGateway

Following discussions on the home assistant forum people gave me the idea to add Infrared communication to the 433mhz gateway. 

The goal is to act as a gateway between 433Mhz sensors, infrared remote controls and a MQTT broker or between the MQTT broker and 433Mhz actuators, infrared devices, It enables to:
receive MQTT data from a topic and send RF 433Mhz signal corresponding to the received MQTT data publish MQTT data to a different topic related to received 433Mhz signal receive MQTT data from a topic and send infrared signal corresponding to the received MQTT data publish MQTT data to a different topic related to received infrared signal 
It can be an interesting part in an home automation system so as to interface sensors and actuators (wall sockets), your tv, home cinema, hifi ... with software like openhab or home assistant.

List of compatible RF sensors here

[EDIT] all infos are now centralized into the github repository take a look at it you will find up to date info about OpenMQT…

Adding infrared emitter to SONOFF RF BRIDGE

With the add of  SONOFF RF Bridge  to the OpenMQTTGateway compatibility list we were able to send and receive 433mhz by MQTT. 
The interesting thing with OpenMQTTGateway is the ability to have on one board several gateways (RF, IR, BLE and more to come ;-). 

The last versions of SONOFF RF BRIDGE as two IO free pins, why not using these pins to add a new gateway to this little cheap device and control more devices.



If we follow the interest of the different gateways you are more interested on RF and after comes IR infrared.

My choice came in this case to add an infrared emitter to the RF Bridge, with this gateway we are adding the capacity of controlling TV, DVD, hifi...

On the hardware side, I followed the same schematic for IR setup with ESP8266 with just a little add a protection resistor of 1K for the IR led.
The other resistor is connected between the transistor base and IO5 of the RF Bridge instead of D0.
The IR led is powered by the 3,3V of the Sonoff RF Bridge.

The schema:


Here is how i…